Progression of Skills for Reading


At Tutshill C. of E. Primary School we aim to provide a stimulating, challenging Reading Curriculum for our children, underpinned by the objectives set out in the National Curriculum of 2014. Our ultimate intention is to rise to the rigour and challenge of the National Curriculum 2014.  We follow a fast-paced programme of key objectives with the intention of embedding, revisiting, developing and applying key reading skills where needed throughout the academic year.

The school intent is to develop literate pupils who:

  • Read for pleasure
  • Read to acquire knowledge
  • Read a wide range of quality texts
  • Make close links between reading and writing
  • Read fluently with confidence
  • Read to develop vocabulary
  • Select own choice of texts
  • Read in all subjects

We do this by:

  • Ensuring children progress from more basic comprehension skills to deduction, inference and critical evaluation.
  • Enabling children to become confident, independent readers with high levels of enjoyment who acquire a life-long skill. 
  • Promoting wider reading across the curriculum.
  • Enabling children to read fluently by the end of Y2.
  • Fostering, developing and modelling the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and for information
  • Developing a wide vocabulary and understanding of grammar and ability to read with attention to punctuation

Use of the Tutshill learning approach for metacognition and the five step ABCDE coaching model underpins our intent for reading, with the aim of:

  • Supporting learners to become reflective readers drawing on reading strategies, visual cues and talking out loud to make sense of text types and genres.
  • Ensuring they are able to read for pleasure and develop a love of reading.
  • Preparing children for life as successful citizens in Modern Britain through the acquisition of a fundamentally good standard of reading, with an appreciation of the importance of reading within society and the wider world.
  • Using our core Christian Values and key learning behaviours to overcome challenges, demonstrate resilience, work effectively and responsibly.

The simple view of reading

Research has shown (The Rose Review and Reading by six), that children learn best when schools follow this model of teaching reading.

Therefore, this is the structure that we follow in our school.

1. Word reading - Children need to be taught the ‘route to decode words’ by following a structured phonics programme.  We follow the validated DFE Letters and Sounds Phonics Programme. (Under review pending government validation of SSP programmes from May 2021)

2. Comprehension (both listening and reading) - When children become proficient at phonically decoding and blending, they need to read appropriately challenging books, with a focus on developing comprehension skills.

Whilst most children start Key Stage 2 with a good phonic knowledge, those children falling behind in their reading or who have not passed the phonic screening test at Year 2, still need to follow a systematic phonics programme to ensure rapid progress.

We do this by:

  • Ensuring timely intervention to support those falling behind in their reading.
  • Delivering a validated Systematic Phonics Programme (SSP) (SSP validation review pending following government review May 2021)


To ensure a holistic approach to the teaching of reading, we implement the following:

• All children from EYFS to Year 6 choose a library book to take home and this reading book is changed each week. (Due to Covid-19 restrictions, the books are quarantined before re-distribution).

• Each classroom has a selection of books in their classroom which are directly linked with the class topic. This offers opportunities for the children to apply their reading skills across the curriculum.

• Each classroom has a reading area that is filled with books suitable for their reading age. This is a comfortable place for children to read throughout the day.  Each class has a collection of recommended reads.  A recommended reading list is available for all classes, via e-schools to all pupils and families.

• Children who are not yet ‘free readers’, will work through our school reading scheme – these are book banded by colour and matched to Letters and Sounds Phonic Phases.  The books allocated to pupils match the children’s current reading age and Phonic Phase and are fully decodable.

• Children are encouraged to read at home every day and supporting reading at home is given high priority.  Each child has a reading record book which logs books they have read and comments about their reading. Parents and teaching staff write in this book. (Due to Covid-19 restrictions parents are able to upload comments to the online Reading Record on Seesaw). 

 All classes have a reading folder on Seesaw where parents and pupils can upload and log books and responses or discussions about books. The first reading will be to make predictions and decode unfamiliar words and vocabulary in the text.  The second reading will build reading fluency.  The third reading will be to read for meaning and with comprehension. Opportunities are given to develop retrieval and inference skills.  Parents are encouraged to make comments in their child’s reading record.

Teaching approaches


Children are first taught to read in Reception using the systematic approach of the Letters and Sounds Phonics Programme, which is also supplemented and enhanced by the use of actions and memorable phrases.  This supports children by promoting a kinesthetic and multi-sensory learning approach.  

They first learn to say the sounds using correct articulation and then learn the grapheme to phoneme correspondences for the 44 phonemes. Children learn to blend sounds, which enables them to read words, captions and sentences. When children can read sentences, they are taught how to read with attention to punctuation and to use expression.  The link between blending and segmenting as reversible processes is clear from the beginning.

In Year 1, children learn more about alternative ways in which each phoneme can be represented and they also learn about the different pronunciations made by different letters or groups of letters, such as 'a' in 'ant' and 'was'.  The alternative graphemes and pronunciations of sounds are linked to memorable phrases using resources including pictures and phrases.  This supports visual and auditory learners.  At the end of Year 1, children will be tested on their phonics knowledge, using a national Phonic Screening Test (PSC), featuring 20 real words and 20 pseudo-words (nonsense words).

From Year 2 onwards, children consolidate their phonics knowledge, developing fluency, expression and reading for meaning.

Lessons are structured in a Review, Teach, Practise and Apply format. In EYFS and KS1 phonics is discretely taught.

Shared Reading

Teachers use shared reading to model how to read fluently and with expression, how to decipher meaning from texts and how to express a personal response to text. Shared reading takes place across the curriculum, but most frequently in English lessons. Texts are chosen carefully to provide challenge and interest for the children at a higher level than the children’s independent reading ability.

Guided Reading

Guided Reading lessons take place daily from Year One to Year Six within mixed-ability classes. Each class is organised to ensure that each child has the opportunity to complete the following tasks:

• Pre-reading task: Children read the text in preparation for the Guided Reading session the next day.

• Guided Reading: Teachers may listen to children read independently to assess their decoding ability, fluency and expression. Questions using Blooms taxonomy, will then be asked to assess understanding and personal response to the text. 

• Comprehension task: Children independently answer questions about the text shared with the teacher the previous day.

The school implements questioning using Blooms taxonomy consistently across all classes.  Two further strategies are used to support progression in reading comprehension and language development.

The use of V.I.P.E.R.S from Years Two to Five.

V=Vocabulary I= Inference P= Predictions E= Explain R= Retrieve S= Summarise

This, skills- based approach to reading supports the children, teachers and TA’s when guiding and asking questions during group and individual reads.  Classrooms in Years Two and Three display visuals for children to refer to. 

The use of PEE – Point, Evidence, Explain. This strategy meets the learning needs of children reading at greater depth.  It reminds the children to make a point when answering, evidencing that point through the text and then explain what led them to that point. This strategy supports the children when discussing a text and when learning across the curriculum.

Classrooms in upper Key Stage 2 display PEE for the children to refer to when giving reasons behind their answers.

In addition to the compulsory weekly tasks outlined above, children may also: read for pleasure; complete further English tasks, such as grammar, punctuation and spelling exercises; carry out research tasks linked to the class theme; complete English games.

Guided reading texts are carefully selected by the teacher to provide a suitable level of challenge to ensure children are reading at instructional level. A wide range of texts are available for guided reading, including fiction and non-fiction texts by a large number of different authors.


We have an inspiring school library geared towards delivering a wide breadth of curriculum content to promote reading for pleasure across the curriculum, including reading role models and a variety of authors. Each class visits the library on a regular basis to change their book.  Teachers regularly give input to the class about how to use the library effectively and also offer guidance on book choices and make recommendations.

Reading is not only celebrated in classrooms, but also around school. You will find displays which celebrate authors and children’s favourite books.  In addition, throughout the school year the importance of reading is enhanced through events such as World Book Day, together with author and poet visits.

Parents support readers in school. (Due to Covid-19 restrictions, opportunities described above have been limited) 

Class Books

Stories are read to the children on a daily basis throughout the school. In Key Stage Two classes this takes the form of a class novel.


Through the teaching of systematic phonics, our aim is for children to become fluent readers by the end of Key Stage One in Year Two. From this benchmark, children can focus on developing their fluency and comprehension as they move through the school. 

All children are expected to succeed and make progress from their starting points from their last point of statutory assessment or from their starting point in EYFS.

Attainment in reading, age related expectations (ARE) is measured using the statutory assessments at the end of Key Stage One and Two.  These results are measured against the reading attainment of children nationally. 

All year groups are also assessed using ‘Insight’ (Pupil Tracking System) in the Autumn, Spring and Summer terms. 

Formative assessments take place for Years 2-6. 

Individual Phonic Phase Trackers are updated in the Autumn, Spring and Summer terms in EYFS and KS1 with individual children in KS2 being included in this assessment cycle also.

SEN and Pupil Premium children are also assessed using a miscue analysis system to closely monitor progress and attainment.

Attainment in phonics is measured by the Phonics Screening Check (PSC) outcome-test based assessment-at the end of Year 1.

However, we believe that reading is the key to all learning.  The impact of our reading curriculum goes beyond the results of the statutory assessments. We give all children the opportunity and skills to enter the magical and imaginative worlds that books open up to them. We promote reading for pleasure to enable the children to become life-long readers.

Deep dive showing evidence of reading across the school.

Children will have and demonstrate a love of Reading and make at least good progress in Reading.

Children will use their reading skills as a key tool in helping them to learn across the curriculum.

Regular monitoring of subject

Impact is be reviewed each half term